Being a genus with more than 1000 different variations of flowering plants, Anthurium is one of the wealthiest members of the arum family, Araceae. If we measure by its number and diversity of looks, of course. They can be found from northern Mexico to northern Argentina. Also, they are present in some parts of the Caribbean as well. This enchanting plant can be kept anywhere, as long as you are familiar with its requirements.
It has utterly charming names such as Flamingo flower, a painter’s palette, Bird’s nest, Ace of Spades, and even a single look at them will explain why do people call them like that. You will be thrilled to hear that they can re-bloom all year round if you know how to take good care of them. So, which are the most popular types of Anthurium? Not all the varieties are kept as house plants, but the following ones are among the most frequently seen Anthurium types:
- Anthurium Superbum (Bird’s Nest)
- Anthurium Veitchii (King Anthurium)
- Warocqueanum (Queen Anthurium)
- Crystallinum (Ace of Spades)
- Andraenaum (Painter’s Palette)
- Clarinervium (Velvet Cardboard)
- Scherzerianum (Flamingo Flower)
- Watermaliense (Black Anthurium)
- Pachyneurium (Big Red Bird)
- Scandens (Pearl Laceleaf)
The list is even longer than this, and the new ones keep coming as the gardeners like experimenting and crossing the species.
However, I shall focus on these, as they are among the most beloved ones.
Now, let’s check out one by one and find out some unique tips and tricks about Anthurium plants! Plus, I’ll give you a full guide on how to take care of them, so stay tuned!
1. Anthurium Superbum (Bird’s Nest)
This gorgeous plant is usually found in rainforests, and it collects nutrients mainly from humid air and rainwater.
This one comes with elliptical leaves, which are green on the front side, but dark purple on the back, and grows in a way to form a rosette.
It’s a sturdy plant and can be grown in either pot or a hanging basket, as you prefer, but don’t expose it to frost, and extremely cold temperatures.
When it comes to light, it requires much less of it than some other varieties, but what Anthurium Superbum has in common with others is a huge desire for humidity.
BONUS TIP: You will probably find people referring to this one as Ironclad Bird’s Nest. The former part of its nickname comes from its distinctively rigid and strong leaves.
2. Anthurium Veitchii (King Anthurium)
Unlike Superbum and a majority of other varieties, Anthurium Veitchii is more tolerant to direct sunlight and can withstand larger amounts of it.
Its leaves can reach the length of 30cm when the plant is kept indoors, outdoors can be really humongous.
The upper part of the King’s leaves is dark green and it has metallic shine, while its underside is lighter green. Sometimes, it can be pale pink.
This one got its name from John Veitch, a famous owner of a London-based plant nursery who brought this variety to Europe.
BONUS TIP: When in its natural environment, this plant can grow really gigantic- hence the nickname King. To make sure its lengthy, pendulous leaves which grow downwards are not crowded, or so not to damage them, the best container for this one is- a hanging basket.
3. Anthurium Warocqueanum (Queen Anthurium)
This variety has long and narrow leaves, which are dark green and velvety.
As the leaves Anthurium Warocqueanum grows in the same direction as the King’s, hanging containers are a much better choice.
The combination the plant likes the best is high humidity and warm temperature, which will make your Queen thrive. Its maintenance is not complicated at all.
In the most ideal conditions, its narrow and sophisticated leaves can grow up to up to 6 ft. (2 m), so mind where you will place it.
BONUS TIP: Unlike King, Queen’s got noticeable veins on the leaves. Their color varies from white to silver, and that’s what gives this one a distinctive look.
4. Anthurium Crystallinum (Ace of Spades)
Just like the Queen, it has distinctive veins all over its dark green leaves, which are shaped like heart, hence the name Ace of Spades.
Anthurium Crystallinum usually reaches the size of 60-90 cm.
It requires partial to full shade, and constantly moist soil. It should never dry out, so check it regularly, especially during summer days.
BONUS TIP: Even though flowers are often the most adorable part of the plant, in the case of Crystallinum, they are nothing special at all. To make sure your plant receives enough nutrients, I suggest you prune them off, so as not to drain the energy. You will have even more stunning foliage.
5. Anthurium Andraenaum (Painter’s Palette)
This is one of the most distinctive variants, due to its vividly painted bract which is not seen on other types of Anthuriums.
The bract is shaped like a heart and there’s a straight spike in the middle of it- that’s the spadix.
The leaves of Anthurium Andraenaum are also heart-shaped and when you take good care of them, you will have quite bushy foliage, which will make the impressive bract look even more gorgeous.
BONUS TIP: Some people refer to this type as an oilcloth plant. That’s because of its red and waxy bract, which does look a bit plastic. Some call it flamingo flower, but another type is actually better known by this name.
6. Anthurium Clarinervium (Velvet Cardboard)
Most notable for its dark green leaves and white to silver veins, you need to place it somewhere bright, but avoid direct sunlight.
With this one, you should do the same as with Ace of Spades, remove the flowers, so that the foliage would receive enough nutrients and be lush and enchanting.
Anthurium Clarinervium tends to become root bound quickly so pay attention, otherwise, your plant will stagnate.
BONUS TIP: This one is also a climbing type of plant, so if you place it in a moss pole, you can create a true masterpiece in your room, and add a touch of tropical atmosphere to your home.
7. Anthurium Scherzerianum (Flamingo flower)
Similar to the painter’s palette, they have waxy bracts that kinda look plastic, and they also have an orange curly spadix in the middle.
It’s extremely decorative, and suitable for smaller homes as well, as it’s not as gigantic as some other variants. The leaves are lance-shaped, and the average length is around 8 inches.
Misting is essential for Anthurium Scherzerianum for two key reasons- to make sure it receives enough humidity and to keep those adorable bracts perfectly clean.
BONUS TIP: To be sure you know how to differentiate flamingo and painter’s palette, mind the plant’s size and the spadix. Flamingo flower is smaller, and it has straight spadix, while the painter’s palette has a slightly bent one.
8. Anthurium Forgetii
Native to Colombia, Anthurium Forgetii is the one with dark green leaves and white veins, which make it look shinier.
This one has a spathe which is quite different from those seen on flamingo or painter’s palette- it’s green-colored with purple edging.
When the plant produces flowers, the spike gets covered in small purple berries, which is also one of its most distinctive features.
BONUS TIP: If you have noticed something peculiar about the leaves’ look, your feeling is right, there’s no sinus. It’s a small space between two lobes, present in almost all other Anthuriums, except for this one. That’s why it’s not shaped like heart, like many other members of the family.
9. Anthurium Watermaliense (Black Anthurium)
With its dark purple colored bract, it’s more than clear why A. Watermaliense is one of the most extraordinary looking members of the family. Some people even refer to it as the color of chocolate.
Combined with darker green and shiny leaves, which don’t have veins like some other varieties, it’s a true beauty.
This specie is found anywhere from Costa Rica to Colombia, so it likes a warmer climate.
It has one thing in common with Superbum, it’s foliage also grows in the rosette form.
BONUS TIP: Due to its unusually colored bract, which looks extremely sophisticated and elegant, this one has earned several more beautiful nicknames. Some gardeners call it black queen, black love, or even a black beauty.
10. Anthurium Hookeri
Speaking of bird’s nest, here’s one more which also develops in the rosette form, which is why some people use this nickname for it.
A. hookeri leaves often resemble giant spoons, and there are no veins on it, but it has shorter internodes and it may produce white berries.
Also, the accent is on rich foliage, not on flowers, so even if it produces some, it’s better to remove it and allow your plant to focus all the energy on leaves.
BONUS TIP: It’s not a rare case for people to mix these varieties, but each one has something that differs it from the rest of the family. This one, for example, has the leaves covered in characteristic tiny black dots.
BONUS TIP: It’s not a rare case for people to mix these varieties, but each one has something that differs it from the rest of the family. This one, for example, has the leaves covered in characteristic tiny black dots.
11. Anthurium Magnificum
If you prefer Anthuriums with velvety, and oval leaves with distinctive veins, then this one could be just the right choice for you.
Even though the jungle is its natural habitat, with adequate maintenance, Anthurium Magnificum can make your place look like a tropical paradise.
Its approximate size is 60 to 90 cm, and check this out- they bloom throughout the entire year. That’s because they are bisexual flowers.
If you cross them with Crystallinum, you will get a marvelously looking and unique Anthurium, with unique features.
BONUS TIP: If you gave spotted new brownish-burgundy leaves, don’t worry, it’s natural. They change the color to dark green as they grow older.
12. Anthurium Pendulifolium
If you happen to have some knowledge of Latin, then you will easily assume how to do the leaves of this one look.
They are pendulous and lengthy, with the ability to grow up to 1.2, in length, and few inches in width. The upper side of the leaves may be either of one color or slightly bi-colored.
Therefore, a hanging basket is an ideal home for Anthurium Pendulifolium.
Like all other sorts of Anthurium, this one has a geniculum, a small organ whose main duty is to allow the leaf to rotate so that it can absorb the desired amount of the light.
BONUS TIP: The native tribes of Ecuador use this type of Anthurium to make a bath from boiled. As they claim, it’s very helpful with bone aches and rheumatism.
13. Anthurium Pachyneurium (Big Red Bird)
This is one more type that belongs to the bird’s nest Anthuriums, and one of the most beautiful features it possesses is the leaves with wavy edges.
One typical detail about the new leaves is the rolling pattern. While the majority of other members from the family look like a spiral, leaves of this one are rolled inward, in two opposite spirals, from both margins.
Its leaves are long and lanceolate-shaped. A.Pachyneurium has no veins on its leaves.
BONUS TIP: This unusual name comes from the color of the leaves which tends to change depending on the light or temperature. When the light is brighter or temperatures cooler, it turns.
14. Anthurium Scandens (Pearl Laceleaf)
Found in rainforests in Southern Mexico and Brazil, this one is equipped with lance-shaped leaves, but there are variants with an oval as well.
Their usual length is between 6 to 13 cm, and their color is matte green.
It produces aerial roots, so it doesn’t require soil substrates.
Anthurium Scandens is not a difficult one to maintain, as long as you follow the guideline, and make sure the environment is humid enough.
BONUS TIP: The delicate name comes from the berries which grow in clusters. They hang from the stems and are pearly white. Plus, this is a climbing vine, so if you want something exquisitely decorative, this is a perfect candidate for you.
15. Anthurium Vittarifolium
This type features strap leaves which are very long, and their length can reach up to 2 meters.
As for the color of the leaves on A. Vittarifolium, it’s dark green, and some species will have yellowish variegated marks, which look as if someone made brush strokes on them.
If you water it regularly, and find some good place to keep it, you will have a beautiful and satisfied plant which will add a touch of rainforest to your home.
BONUS TIP: This one can become quite colorful and spectacular when it blooms. You will spot pink berries and red flowers, and that in combination with variegated leaves looks breath-taking.
Some other less seen varieties include:
- Anthurium Argyrostachyum/ Pandurifolium
- Anthurium Bakeri
- Anthurium Coriaceum (Paddle-leaf)
- Anthurium Crenatum (Scalloped Laceleaf)
- Anthurium Gracile (Red Pearls)
- Anthurium Guayanum
Can Anthuriums be Classified by their Shape?
Absolutely, they are so diverse and numerous, that it is actually possible to categorize them by the shape. It refers to either the shape of their leaves or flowers.
In addition to this, there are solid and multi-colored, larger and smaller, so you can group them in countless combinations.
Here are the most common ones:
As you can assume from the name, the shape of these variants resembles a tulip. Among the most representative examples are the Marea and Facetto cultivars.
The name comes from the narrow ribbon-shaped of their flowers. This detail makes them look extremely elegant. Deep purple Zizou and the macaroon-pink Lilli are the most illustrative varieties from this category.
If you were to ask random people what do leaves of Anthuriums look like, chances are 95% of them would say “heart”. Andraeanum and Esmeraldense are just some of them.
Peruzzi variety (green or pink) is one of the most beautiful examples of this shape. This cup-shaped cultivar has a gorgeous and delicate gradation of warm colors.
The Tequila and Livium variants are the most prominent ones from this group. The spathes produced by these bicolored sorts feature a red spadix and red veins.
Solid and multicolored
Available in a wide spectrum of colors, some variants produce flowers in a single color while others like deliver multicolored flowers (take Kaseko as an example). Adios Summer also has a marvelously looking multicolored spathe than graduates from green to pink.
Aside from the large ones, there are mini sorts as well. The length of their stems is around40 cm, while the flower diameter is around 7 to 9 cm. Their have a rather lengthy vase life, approximately 27 days.
Small and large-flowered
Some of the variants with smaller flowers include Lilli, and Million Flowers Red. The white and green Denali, as well as red Impulz and Marea are among the popular ones with large leaves.
General Watering Tips for Anthurium
You have plants which will be mad at you if you forget to water them, then again some won’t mind if you skip a day or two, because they have some “secret supplies”.
A good watering schedule is an important part of keeping plants, and Anthurium is no exception.
The crucial thing about this plant is humidity, a fine balance between dry and soaked soil.
If you live in the regions where the climate and temperature are stable, then you will be able to make a predictive watering schedule, but that’s rarely the case.
It’s much better to check the soil and rely on its condition. Insert your finger into it, and if an inch below the surface is dry- it’s time to water your plant, if it’s still wet, wait till tomorrow and then check again.
During the active phase, when the plant grows, it’s important to keep the soil moist. This period includes months from March till September.
When the plant is in the stagnant, passive, or dormant phase, as you wish, its water demands significantly decrease, so once every few weeks is more than enough.
Still, don’t forget to check the soil before you do it.
What Are Anthurium’s Humidity Requirements?
This type of plant thrives on higher humidity, and it doesn’t have enough of it, its leaves will turn brown, it will start to look sad and will eventually die.
I mean, it’s not like it’s gonna happen overnight, but still, you mustn’t neglect your plant.
If you live somewhere where mother nature did a great job and provided your environment with an optimal level of humidity, then it will be easier for you to take good care of your plant.
If not, then you’ll have to find some ways to make up for the lack of it.
For example, a good location, such as the kitchen. Or even a well-lit bathroom.
I know it sounds silly, but these are the most humid rooms in anyone’s place, so chances are your plant may like it.
But, don’t worry, you can place it wherever you want as long as there are enough light and humidity.
What you should do is mist your plant. You can even do it daily.
Another thing you can do is put a pebble tray under the pot. That way your plant will have some supplies to use when in need.
In case you live in the areas where the climate is drier, I think humidifier would be the best solution.
As you can see, there are so many ways to create a humid environment and keep your plant happy and healthy.
Temperature and Light Requirements for Anthurium
When in its natural surroundings, a plant knows how to adapt to everything around, from soil type, sunshine, temperature, and manages to grow.
When inside, YOU need to make sure all the conditions are optimal.
Each Anthurium has its own needs and preferences, but some average would be between 65-70. Avoid exposing your plant to temperatures below 55.
Aside from temperature, the draft is another thing you need to pay attention to.
Never locate your plant on the drafty windows or anywhere near drafty doors.
The same goes for air-conditioners, heaters or fans. Extremely hot or cold air blowing from these devices is not good for any plant.
But, that doesn’t mean you should lock your plant in a room with no air. It needs fresh air to develop properly.
As for the light, don’t expose it to direct light, or else you could burn it. Yes, this is not the type of plant that requires an excessive amount of direct light, so you need to find some shadier location, where the light is diffused.
To regulate the amount of light your plant receives, you can put shades on your window, and regulate it based on the weather conditions.
What Type of Soil Does Anthurium Like?
Again, when in its natural environment, the plant finds the necessary nutrients and uses them to grow and develop.
When choosing the suitable potting mix for Anthuriums, think the type which won’t retain water, something breathable to say so.
There are some good mixes you can purchase, but you can also create your very own, by combining it with charcoal, perlite, peat moss or gravel.
When to Fertilize Anthurium Plants?
Overall, they require regular yet restrained feeding.
When they are in an active phase, from March to September, they should be fed every 6 to 8 weeks.
When in a dormant stadium, you can do it once or twice, depending on the specific requirements of the plant you posses.
One of the key ingredients for their healthy growth is phosphorus (P), so mind those letters on the bottle when selecting the fertilizer.
My advice is to opt for liquid fertilizer because they are much simpler to use.
Just follow what the instructions say, and nothing can go wrong.
Do Anthuriums Need to be Pruned?
Yes, they do. It’s the way to keep them happy and healthy and help them eliminate dead leaves or diseased parts.
No one can tell you when is the right time to do so, it depends on your plant’s overall look.
Inspect your plant to see if there are any parts that look unhealthy, like brown and crispy edges- those are to be removed.
When you cut dead or wilted blossoms, do so down to the stem base.
In case your plant looks a bit bushy, you can remove the older leaves, to make sure younger ones will receive enough nutrients.
Which tools are required for pruning?
A knife or pruning shears are suitable, as long as they are sharp and sterile.
Before and after you utilize the tools, disinfect them with rubbing alcohol and you will avoid bacterial infections.
When to Repot Anthurium Plant?
As this plant doesn’t grow so fast, you don’t need to repot it often. You can do it once every two years, or even once per four years if it’s a type that doesn’t grow rapidly.
But, that’s up to you to evaluate when to repot anthurium.
You should do so in the spring or summer, as the plant will adapt faster and continue to grow without any interruptions.
Transplantation is done either to replenish the soil or to provide a more comfortable home for your plant.
If you do so just to refresh the soil, you can use the same pot, but wash and disinfect it first.
In case you are looking for a new one, pick the next size, so that your plant could develop properly in the upper part.
And of course, mind the drainage holes, otherwise, your plant will have wet feet, and that’s not good.
As for the material, it’s up to you to decide. There are plastic containers, ceramic containers, and there’s a fantastic selection of decorative pots as well.
To be as practical as possible, you should do so when transplanting your plant.
That’s because roots are already accessible, so you can find the stems which have already started developing and put them in new pots.
Propagation is, in most cases done by division, you cannot establish a new plant by using a leaf only, it needs to have some stem.
When there are multiple stems on the root, chose the ones that look well-developed and and accommodate them in new pots.
If it has only one stem, then cut the top off, but make sure some leaves are left, so that it can adapt faster.
When propagation and planting are done, place the Anthurium so that it’s not directly exposed to sunlight and leave it be until it gets used to the new environment.
Don’t feed it immediately, as it’s still delicate and vulnerable.
Anthurium Most Common Problems and Solutions
Diseased or dying leaves, discoloration, funky smelling roots, some tiny spots all over the leaves are situations gardeners have to deal with, but there’s always some solution.
The most important is to follow the basic guidelines and keep your plant in a good location where the light and temperature are optimal, and all other factors.
If you have noticed the leaves are turning brown, one of the reasons is too much direct sunlight, nutrients deficiency, or fungal issues.
The first situation is solved by relocation, it’s as simple as that. The second- try with different fertilizer, the one which is compatible with Anthurium’s specific needs, and for the third one- you can inspect the roots, remove the infected parts and use a fungicide if the problem is persistent,
If there are dead flowers, remove them and make room for the plant to produce the new ones. The dead ones will only drain its energy.
If you don’t water your plant properly, you will soon spot drooping and yellowing leaves, and the same happens if the light is not adequate.
But if the problem is persistent even if you follow the good watering schedule and you’ve found an adequately-lit room for your plant, perhaps it’s some other health issue.
Splitting leaves are usually caused by the lack of humidity. Mist your plant every day, even twice if the temperature is too hot, and it will revive.
As for the pest, the most commonly present ones are mites and aphids. Unless the plant is all covered in these tiny pests, soap, and water, or horticultural oil should be enough to clean the plant.
Of course, if your plant is stagnating, then then the problem is more serious, so the only solution would be to inspect the roots, and repot it.
Rooting roots are usually the result of too much watering, but if the roots are damaged too much, try the luck with the new plant by planting the healthy part of the root.
1. Can the Anthurium plant purify the air?
Yes, and even NASA confirmed that this plant is an air-purifying one. It does so by removing some harmful chemicals from the air, such as formaldehyde, toluene, ammonia, and xylene.
2. Can I keep Anthurium in my bedroom?
Knowing that purifies the air, it’s absolutely okay to have one in your bedroom. The only thing you need to provide is humidity.
3. Are Anthurium plants toxic to cats, dogs, and other pets?
If you have curious four-legged friends, it’s better to keep the plant out of their reach. There are certain substances in the majority of Anthurium varieties which can cause the irritation of gastrointestinal tract and vomiting.
4. Is the Anthurium plant poisonous to people?
Small kids can be curious as well, and they will try to bite or chew the plant, and it can cause stomach problems, nausea, irritation, and similar.
Also, when transplanting Anthurium, wear gloves to protect the skin.
5. Are Anthuriums lucky flowers?
As far as the Feng Shui says, they are. It is believed that they bring good luck, especially in relationships. So, having one or more in your place is beneficial for multiple reasons.
6. Do Anthuriums like being root-bound?
No, they don’t. Good thing is that it doesn’t happen quickly if you repot it regularly (every several years, based on how quickly it grows).
As you can see, Anthuriums are so beautiful and diverse, so I have no doubt that you will find the one that fits your preferences.
My guide here encompasses some general bits of info, but whichever you choose, make sure you are familiar with its particular demands and requirements.
It’s great that maintenance is not complicated, so even if this is your first plant, you will learn how to take care of it quickly.
Which Anthurium do you have and are there any special tricks you use to take care of it?
Leave some comments, I’d like to hear from you.
Enjoy your plants and love them!