pineapple to grow

How Long Does it Take for a Pineapple to Grow- Best Guide With Necessary Tips and Tricks

How Long Does it Take for a Pineapple to Grow? Continue reading to learn how to grow the pineapple plants in the home and how long it takes for them to grow.

Gardens with tropical fruit trees provide a reassuring, relaxed, appealing, and restorative environment. Pineapples are great candidates that will instill that kind of atmosphere into your home. Pineapple is a tropical fruit with spiky skin that protects tangy yellow flesh. It grows in warm, wet regions, but it is shipped all over the world and you can get it from a grocery store. What’s even better, you can start growing pineapples yourself. Instead of buying pineapple from the grocery store, why not try producing your own pineapple fruit? Continue reading to learn how to grow the pineapple plants in the home and how long it takes for them to grow.

How Long Does it Take for a Pineapple to Grow

About Pineapple Plants

The pineapple plant is a herbaceous terrestrial plant that belongs to the genus of bromeliads native to South America. Pineapples grow in subtropical and tropical gardens and planting pineapples can be done successfully even in colder climates.

Stem and Foliage

The central stem is very short and narrow, while the leaves are elongated, fleshy and between 60 and 180 cm long, forming a rosette.

Leaves are sword-shaped and viciously edged with tiny thorns or spines, but recently smooth-leafed cultivars have been developed as well.

Pineapple plantlets also emerge at the base of the plant and they are called side shoots.

Flowers

The flowers are tubular, usually reddish-purple, and develop into the familiar compound fruit shape. Before they do, they emerge from an elongated stem, surrounded by bright red leaves.

The pineapple fruit flesh is yellow or whitish, juicy, aromatic, very sweet, usually without seeds, but small brown seeds may be present. Fruit develops in the second year if conditions are suitable.

Scientific name: Ananas comosus

Meaning: The Portuguese word ananas derives from nanas, meaning “excellent fruit”

Family: Bromeliaceae

Plant type: Herbaceous terrestrial

Fruit type: Aggregate fruit

Origin: Brazil, Paraguay, tropical America

Height: five to seven feet

Zones: 11-12

Food uses: Eaten fresh and added to fruit salads, juice production, cocktails, mixed drinks, canned, sauces, fillings, desserts, ice cream, cake topping, curries, seaweed extract, sweet-and-sour meat dishes

Where to grow: Greenhouses, outdoor gardens, indoor gardens

Varieties: “Golden”, “Hawaiian”, “Smooth Cayenne”, “Porteanus”, “Variegatus”, Pineapple guava

How Long Does it Take for a Pineapple to Grow

Pineapples are commercially among the most important tropical fruits, the top producers being Thailand and the Philippines.

The most commonly grown cultivar is “Smooth Cayenne”, with spineless leaves, juicy yellow flesh, and mild flavor.

home-grown pineapple

Growing Pineapples

Habit

Generally speaking, Pineapples are slow-growing plants that reach up to 3 feet high, but “Variegatus” is a more compact form, growing to barely 2 feet.

All members of the pineapple family grow wide, sometimes reaching 6 feet across. In any case, growing a pineapple requires patience and dedication.

Flowering

As with all members of the bromeliad family, once pineapple flowers, it starts to die off, leaving numerous offshoots to replace it.

It takes between 2 and 4 years to bloom and set fruit, depending on where you live and what the climate is like, including the growing conditions you can offer.

growing pineapples and avocado home

The reason for this is because it takes around two hundred flowers to form into berries which then coalesce with other berries on the same stalk to produce the pineapple fruit that we know.

Getting Pineapple to Grow Faster and Produce Fruit

Proper care

The first condition is to follow the care requirements recommended for pineapple plants and they are presented in the following section, such as adequate light, a sunny position, and well-draining soil.

Fertilizing is another way to induce flowering in pineapples. Make sure to fertilize once in 10 weeks with a fertilizer that contains potash, magnesium, and phosphorous.

Chemicals

Finally, you can resort to using chemicals to support the growth of your pineapple plants, but make sure you read about the undesirable effects of using them.

Some of those chemicals are Ethephon that you spray on the plant or put in the soil and Calcium Carbide that transforms into acetylene gas, but it is known to cause skin irritations and inflammation. Always make sure to read protective measures.

How to Grow Pineapple Plants

There are various ways in which you can grow a pineapple.

You can plant pineapple top or crowns, pineapple slips (or peduncles), pineapple suckers which can produce a “ratoon crop” if the suckers are not dealt with properly, pineapple hapas and finally pineapple ratoons, or secondary berries.

Planting a pineapple from seed is not so common and not so likely to succeed.

growing pineapples at home

Related: Pineapple Plant Care

Light and Temperature

Pineapple plants need sunlight and warm temperatures all year to continue growing and fruiting. If you are growing it in the soil outside, plant in full sun.

The hybrid forms grow more colorful leaves if they receive good light, but become pale green with too little sun exposure like dappled shade.

If you can’t provide your plant with enough sun here’s one cool tip for you: Use indoor grow lights!

In winter, maintain the temperature above 60 degrees.

Although they are native to Brazil and require a bright spot and heat to produce their green fruits, these plants need a cooler environment such as an unheated spare room for a few weeks in winter.

They are hardy down to 10 degrees F, but this doesn’t mean allowing freezing temperatures and very cold climate.

Soil and transplanting

Pineapple plants prefer rich, fertile soil with excellent drainage. Always assess and improve the quality of the soil beforehand, especially if you choose to grow a pineapple in the ground. Some plants have relatively small root systems, so a small hole in the soil will be sufficient to house the roots.

In case you are growing it indoors in a large pot or container, repotting is seldom necessary, since the parent plant dies off after blooming. When you do it, remove old lower leaves and be careful so as not to get hurt by tough leaves. A new plant will enjoy a slightly less sunny and warm position during the next few weeks.

growing baby pineapples

Watering and Feeding

Pineapple plants require plenty of water so that the soil is always damp. Water the soil and not the heart of the rosette, which could cause plant rot.

As a general rule, most pineapple plants are drought-tolerant and will suffer if overwatered, so always check the potting mix beforehand.

However, they need constant moisture, especially when the flowers appear and the fruits are developing.

If the temperatures are comparable to greenhouse temperatures, mist with room-temperature water.

Feed once a month through the active growing season with fish emulsion and abstain from fertilizing during winter dormancy.

Grooming Mature Pineapple Plant

Dispose of damaged, dead leaves and those that begin to turn yellow at the base of the mature pineapple plant and along the central stem to keep it in a nice shape.

Propagating

Remove new offshoots when they reach 4 to 5 inches high and repot them individually. Keep moist and mist your pineapple plant often to increase humidity.

Alternatively, remove the leafy top from the fruit and treat it as a cutting, rooting it either in soil or water.

Plant a single pineapple per pot.

Adding additional pineapple cutting to a pot doesn’t guarantee success with propagating.

propagating pineapple

Aftercare

Apply a high-potash fertilizer every week once the flowers appear and until all the fruits have ripened in late summer or early autumn. Don’t pick smaller fruit.

You may need to hand-pollinate the flowers of your pineapple plant to ensure they produce fruits. Hand-pollinate the flowers by dabbing a clean paintbrush onto the stamens (the red stalks in the center of the flower). Do that every few days, ensuring you have tickled them all.

Harvesting

The pineapples fruit will fall off the plant when ripe, although you can prevent any bruising by gently squeezing them to check if they are soft. If they are, you are ready to pick your harvest so cut them from the mother plant just before they fall.

To preserve your harvests, you can freeze fruit, chop it, and can it.

Special notes

To grow pineapples successfully, provide enough space for them since pineapple produces sharp, thorn-like fronds that can be painful.

Pineapples grow relatively tall, so choose a spot carefully and so growing pineapples will be a piece of cake if you follow the steps provided in this article.

Growing pineapples is undemanding and rewarding if you provide the right growing conditions and your plant will produce fruit if you do it correctly.

You will be thrilled at the sight of your first fruit emerging and developing into a full plant.

A pineapple plant will add a tropical note to your garden and fill the rooms with its citrusy scent.