If you are a fan of money (and who isn’t?), you’ll most probably be interested to learn more about the jade plant, also known as a money plant.
Provided that you have all the necessary knowledge about watering, lighting, Jade plant repotting and all other aspects, you will find this lovely plant quite simple to look after.
And, that’s exactly what I prepared here for you, so stay with me to find out how to grow jade plant, what are the most common complications and how to solve them and much more than that.
Let’s get things started, shall we?
How to Grow Jade Plant
To be able to grow any plant successfully, what you need to do in advance is acquire thorough knowledge about that plant and the family it comes from.
It’s an essential part so that you would be thoroughly prepared in any situation, and recognize immediately what needs to be done.
This lovely succulent, lucky for you, belongs to simple ones to grow and maintain, and jade plant care is also an excellent hobby for beginners, as there’s no room to mess things up, at least when it comes to some basics.
Generally speaking, it survives in most types of conditions indoors, as long as there’s enough direct light daily.
It belongs to evergreen plants, and it has juicy and smooth leaves with thick branches. There are several Jade plant types, but we shall mainly talk about Crassula ovata, as it is the most commonly kept indoors.
Those are mainly rich green, but some sorts may appear to be yellowish-green.
In case you expose it to higher levels of sunlight regularly, it may develop red tinges on the edges.
If you are a fan of bonsai trees, you’ll be happy to hear that this plant has excellent potential for that, if you prune it right. (Later more on that one!)
So, let us go step by step through every phase and get to know the Jade plant thoroughly. My guide will mainly focus on jade plant indoor care.
How to Take Care of Jade Plant
Belonging to a family of succulents, this adorable houseplant with oval-shaped leaves is one of the most favorite choices among fans of decorative plants.
The fact that they have lengthy lifespan proves that they are very resilient, which is one more reason why they are frequently adorning homes world-wide.
But, how complicated is growing them? Is the jade plant a difficult one to maintain?
The answer is no, but only if you follow these steps regarding care for jade plant indoors:
1. Mind the soil
Soil is the alpha and omega for any plant, it’s the very core of your plant’s health, and you need to pay special attention to this segment.
The same way as you optimize conditions to make your own home pleasant, you need to do so for your plant as well.
The money plant has no particular demands regarding the type of soil, so the all-purpose potting mix like this one will serve the purpose.
However, since this plant needs a thoroughly drained soil, you will need to combine it with additional perlite.
The purpose of it is to improve drainage, otherwise, overly moist soil may lead to the development of fungal diseases and destroy your plant. The ideal ratio of potting mix to perlite is 2:1.
There’s an alternative for this combination, for example, cacti potting mix or pre-made mixes for succulents.
2. Choose the adequate container
Again, I have to make the same comparison with choosing a suitable home for you.
You want it to be of ideal size, not too tiny, nor oversized. The same logic can be applied for choosing the right pot for your plant.
What you need to take into consideration is the size of the adult plant.
Even though this plant is not a fast grower, its top may become heavier after a while, meaning you’ll need a wide container with a sturdy base.
In addition to this, the money plant doesn’t tolerate wetness, so the selected container must have proper drainage.
As for the material, it can be either the pot made of plastic or a ceramic container, both of them allowing maximal drainage.
There are some discussions about the pros and cons of each of the materials, but I think it’s all a matter of personal preference.
If you ask me, ceramics are a much better choice, because the material is more solid, so it can support a heavier plant. Moreover, this type of container comes in versatile sizes, shapes, and finishes, so it has bigger decorative value, to say so.
There’s one more great solution- you can put a pot within a pot! The one that goes inside can be an ordinary pot with proper drainage, while the other may be of a more decorative appearance.
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3. Follow the exact schedule for Jade plant watering
If you want your jade plant to live long, this is the segment where you MUST be as precise as possible.
You need to adjust it with the plant’s life cycle and make sure the soil is neither too dry nor excessively moist.
This plant has two major phases during the year.
During the active growth period (spring and summer), it requires more water than during other periods. To make sure you water it properly, wait for the soil to mostly dry, and water it again. How often will you do so, depends on the time needed for the soil to dry out- time frame ranges from once a week to once a month.
When the dormant phase comes (fall and winter), the plant either pauses or significantly slows down its growth, so it doesn’t require as much water as during the active phase. During this phase, you can let the soil dry out fully before you water the plant again. All in all, it’s one or two watering in total during the dormant period.
4. Pay attention to sunlight and temperature
Even though the leaves and the entire plant may seem like a “tough guy”, it’s very susceptible to cold damage.
Talking about ideal conditions for this plant, dry and warm are the key factors to grow a healthy money plant.
Yes, you can accommodate it outside as well, but you will get the most of it if you grow it inside your home. When the temperature gets below 50°F (10°C), it’s much better to relocate it indoors.
This plant needs to be exposed to direct sunlight for at least four hours every day. The older the plant, the longer the period it can spend in direct sunlight daily.
Younger ones are best accommodated someplace with indirect sunlight, while the well-established examples can tolerate longer exposure to the sun.
5. Adequate fertilization for optimal health
Provided that you maintain your plant regularly, you won’t have to boost it with fertilizer too often.
Once per six months should be more than enough, and what you need is a balanced water-soluble fertilizer.
Do keep in mind that it should never be done when the soil is too dry, otherwise you risk damaging your plant’s roots.
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6. Be prepared to fight common pests and diseases
Like any other house plant, the money plant has its enemies as well.
The most commonly seen pests are scale or mealybugs, but if you remove them persistently you will keep your plant safe and sound.
There’s no need to use some heavy chemicals, your best ally here can be rubbing alcohol.
As for the health issues, to say so, if you go all crazy with watering your plant, it will lead to root rot or squishy leaves, so be careful.
On the other hand, if you completely forget to moist it, the juicy leaves will become wrinkled.
7. Propagate your plant regularly
It’s not just about getting yourself more money plants, this process is essential for your plant’s overall health.
When your Crassula ovata is crowded with leaves, and it appears to “unable to breathe”, be sure it’s propagation time.
It’s quite simple, you can either let stray leaves fall from the plant or do so with clippings. The first method is how the plant reproduces itself in the wild.
Once removed from the stem, the leaves start rooting about four weeks later, greatly depending on environmental factors such as humidity level and temperature.
All in all, the process is so simple, that even beginner gardeners could do it correctly (with their eyes closed)!
8. Don’t forget to repot it!
Having in mind that this plant doesn’t grow at the speed of light, you won’t have to repot it too often.
The best part of all is that this plant doesn’t mind being root bound, but of course, don’t wait for your plant to start suffering because it’s too heavy and large.
Balance is very important here, meaning you don’t want to shock your plant by repotting it into a notably more gigantic container than the previous one.
For example, if the previous one was a 5-inch container, the next one should be 6 to 7-inch one.
Do know that repotting is not only needed when the plant gets too big for its current home. It is also done to refresh the environment and replenish the absorbed nutrients.
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9. Pruning as a bonus option
Some plants require annual pruning to maintain their health on the optimal level, this one doesn’t.
You can skip this process completely and you’ll have a nice 6-feet tall tree, however, if you prefer a house plant of smaller size, consider Jade plant pruning as an option.
Unhealthy and unwanted branches are the first ones on the list to go, and the rest is up to your personal preferences.
Some people find bushy money plants to look charming, the others prefer to shape it as a small tree, there are no rules.
Besides the upper part of the plant, it’s advisable to root prune it once in three years.
It will also contribute to forming a fine shape of the plant and will have a positive impact on its health.
This is more or less some basic preview of the steps needed to grow a healthy and good-looking money plant.
Now, let’s take a closer look at each of the steps and find out more about how to take good care of the Jade plant.
Watering Jade Plant
As I mentioned, Crassula ovata belongs to succulents, so you need to be especially careful with watering.
Too much moisture can harm it seriously, but if it lacks water, it will get ill, to say so, its leaves will wrinkle.
If you want me to tell you some exact schedule, that’s impossible, because all of all have different conditions in our homes.
The best answer would be- follow the level of moisture in the soil!
That’s the best signal whether your plants need more water or not.
In addition to this, you need to be aware that money plants have two phases of growth- one during which they grow, and the other when they are on some sort of a break.
While they actively grow, which is during spring and summer, they need more frequent watering. When I say “frequent” I don’t mean like every day or every two days.
Once a week is more than enough. If you don’t live in some tropical zones, it could even be once a month.
During the passive (dormant) cycle, which is during fall and winter, your money plant may need as many as one or two watering throughout the entire phase.
This rule mainly goes for well-established and stabile plants, while the younger ones may require a bit more attention.
In both cases rule remains the same- wait for the soil to dry out and then water your plant.
Quick Tips for Proper Jade plant Watering
Tip number one– Tap water can be a bit tricky regarding the salt level, and money plants are sensitive to it. If you are not sure what is the water like, don’t push the luck- opt for distilled or filtered.
Tip number two– Don’t splash water on the leaves. This can be particularly harmful if you live in more humid climate, as it can expose them to rot.
Tip number three- Your plant’s leaves start to scorch? There are some brown spots all over the leaves? Your plant is thirsty, it screams for watering!
Tip number four- Do the leaves on your Crassula ovata look to spongy? Waterlogged? It’s time to pause the watering, wait for the soil to dry out and the excessive moist will be gone.
Tip number five– If you want to see those adorable flowers adorning your money plant, hold back water. If it’s already root-bound and it happens to be winter season (cooler temperatures may “persuade” your plant to cooperate and reveal those gorgeous beauties), the charming flowers will appear.
As you can see, it all boils down to following the condition the soil is in, and the look of the plant itself, and nothing can go wrong.
Light Requirements of a Jade Plant
All succulents have one interesting thing in common- the more the light, the happier the plant!
As their thick fleshy leaves are filled with water, they need plenty of light to grow and develop properly.
After all, South Africa is their homeland, that’s why they beg to get proper light. Of course, it doesn’t mean you should leave it to burn under the scorching sun, it will die.
Like with watering, balance is the key. Just use your common sense.
If you live in areas where the climate is warmer, you can keep your plant outdoors throughout the entire year. However, during the hottest hours, try accommodating it someplace shadier, where they will get a moderate amount of light.
As for indoor light requirements, the most ideal place to situate your money plant is the one that receives bright light.
West or south-facing window would be the best choice. Do pay attention when the temperature gets colder, and the wind starts blowing outside. Drafty windows may harm your plant.
If you want to relocate your plant to some brighter or quite the opposite, shadier place, try not to shock it.
Yes, even though they are very resilient, money plants also need some time to adjust to the new environment and light conditions, so try not to change either of the two too extremely.
Move it gradually and give it time to accept new surroundings.
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Talking about the ideal temperature for your plant to thrive, it’s between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. However, Crassula ovata which is already accustomed to full sun for some part of the day is more tolerant towards higher daytime temperatures.
During the night and in the winter, the ideal level is around 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
Frost is the money plant’s enemy, so be careful when the temperature decreases below the abovementioned.
To conclude- 4 hours of direct sunlight daily is the required portion for them to develop adequately.
How about artificial lights?
You live in the areas with no sunny locations, and you are wholeheartedly eager to grow a money plant?
No problem, your dreams can come true, and the solution is simpler than you can imagine- artificial lights.
If you opt for fluorescent lighting, the ideal combo would be one cool-white bulb and one bulb labeled for plant use, inserted into a two-bulb fixture.
Things to keep in mind when choosing lights is the wattage and the price. Look for those labeled “energy efficient”.
This way your plant will get a full spectrum of light which is mimicking the real sunlight quite satisfactory.
Do know that artificial light can be used not only to fully create adequate lighting for your plant but as an addition to the natural sunlight, in case your plants need more of it.
Unlike us humans, who need the sun because of the vitamin D, plants’ desire for light is exclusively because of light.
So your Jade plant actually won’t complain as long as there’s enough of it, regardless of the source.
One more thing- try not to confuse your plant! What I mean is that even if they develop with the help of artificial lights, they need to be aware of cycles and seasons (active vs dormant).
Adjust the light cycles properly. Let’s say during summer the proportion of light could be 20/4 or 24/0, while during the inactive phase it can be 16/8. (light/dark)
Fertilizing Jade Plant
Think of fertilizers as some vitamins for plants. We use them (the vitamins, not fertilizers) to boost our health and the same thing goes for plants. They need something to grow properly, and I will tell you what works the best for money plants.
First of all, let me shed some light on one of the most common myths regarding succulents and fertilizers.
Even though the vast majority of people believe that succulents need no fertilizers, the truth is:
Yes, they need them!
Not as much as other types of plants thought, but still, if you want to grow a healthy Crassula ovata, you need to fertilize it occasionally.
Similar to previous duties, balance is what saves the day!
Don’t fertilize it overly, but don’t forget to do so sometimes, or both scenarios may lead to an unhappy and unhealthy plant.
Interestingly, people who have pets tend to make the same common mistake- they think fertilizers for plants equal pets’ food for pets.
And, using that logic, they may assume that it’s necessary to fertilize plants too often.
Like I said, think of it like vitamins. Plants produce their food using light, water, air and soil they are in, and this “boost” in the form of fertilizer is to push proteins, enzymes, hormones, etc. production.
To make sure you make no mistakes, try following these three simple steps:
Number one- Feed your money plant during its active period, and do so once every two weeks, or twice a month, if that’s easier to memorize.
Number two– While your plant is dormant, feeding it once will be more than enough. Of course, if you spot a new growth emerging, you can fertilize it, but not too much.
Number three– Those fertilizer build-ups need to be flushed, to prevent the residue to accumulate and reach a toxic level, which could seriously harm your plant. One in the spring and once in the fall is enough.
The best type of fertilizers for money plants
Generally speaking, we can divide fertilizers into several different categories:
- organic and non-organic (chemical)
- liquid or pellet
Organic is made from animal and plant waste, and that’s called compost, while non-organic are produces in chemical plants.
Liquid one is poured into the soil, while the pellet, being solid, is placed on the top of it or even inside the soil so that plants can absorb it gradually as they grow.
For Jade plants, you normally use liquid fertilizer.
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If you prefer chemical, pay attention to the formula and how it is diluted with water, what’s the precise ratio between water and fertilizer, so that you wouldn’t hurt your plant.
There are many different producers, but you don’t need to brainstorm a lot, particularly if you have a healthy plant with basic needs. A basic, milder one would do the job.
If your plant drops the leaves, it may be the sign that it needs more nitrogen, so buy one with a higher level of it, to increase the level of it.
Here are several no-no’s you should have in mind (particularly if you use chemical food):
Never feed the plant when the soil is overly dry, or you risk burning it.
It’s not advisable to feed it around four months after re-potting, as it needs time to get used to the new environment.
Never make “stronger” mixes because you THINK your plant needs more fertilizer and you believe that you are helping it, just follow the instructions. The unused food forms mineral salts and gradually it may cause many problems for your plant.
There’s a fix for the last situation- leaching the soil or drenching the plant. Both of them are very helpful and help to refresh the soil in the pot, making it more adequate for your money plant.
As for organic, there are several options, and if you are a DIY kind of person, feel free to create your fertilizer and make sure your plant gets the best.
If I were to tell you that Jades are also coffee fans, would you believe me?
Jokes aside, but one of the excellent options for DIY food is a fertilizer made from coffee and tea.
It’s easier than you can imagine!
You take an equal amount of coffee and tea and boil them for around five minutes. The magic liquid that you get can be sprayed every seven days.
You can also take the solid compost made from tea leaves (form the previously boiled mixture) and use it approximately every 15 days.
This powerful combo will make your money plant thrive, trust me.
Speaking of tea, you’d be happy to hear that jade is also an avid tea drinker. But, not just any tea, it prefers manure or compost tea.
I know, I already see you making faces, but, trust me, these homemade fertilizers are the most delicious treat for your money plant, no matter how yucky it may sound to you.
To make compost tea, you take already made compost and put it in a bucket filled with water. Leave this to brew for several days, if possible, in the sun. Strain the liquid and voila- there’s the nutritive drink for your Crassula ovata.
Manure tea is prepared similarly, but instead of compost, you use livestock manure, which is full of valuable ingredients, such as native grasses.
In case you don’t want to deal with all the mess, but are willing to try how this tea works, worry not! There’s a company producing them, and they are neatly packed in cotton tea bags, requiring nothing but brewing.
Jade Plant Pruning
Luckily for you, money plant belongs to those who don’t have to be pruned as a rule of thumb.
It’s completely optional and it is, in majority cases, done for aesthetic reasons. Besides, you never prune younger plants, it’s the older ones and does overly branchy that need this “styling”.
Crassula ovata can reach up to 6 feet in height, but if you want to make it a small houseplant, it’s pruning that may help you achieve so.
One thing you should keep in mind is that whenever you prune your Jade, you expose it to bacterial damage. This, observing from a longer perspective, may harm or even kill your money plant.
However, you can always opt for trimming, as a much safer option. Whichever of these two you decide to perform, do it during their active phase- spring or summer. That’s when you plant will recover faster.
As for the tool needed to prune the plant, it’s either pruning sheers or some gardening knife. Make sure the sheers/ knife are sharp and clean, hygiene matters a lot.
The first thing to do is to observe the plant and try to evaluate how much pruning/trimming does it need. Keep in mind that you should never remove too many branches, around 20 to 30 is more than enough.
Then, try to picture the plant at the end of the pruning process, meaning, how would you like it to look finally. That’s very important because the trimmed branches will die back to the next node, from where two new ones will grow afterward. So, you have to project its look precisely and cut the branches accordingly.
The third step is trimming/ pruning itself. Be patient, and gentle above all. Plants cannot speak, but they most certainly have feelings, so you need to make them feel comfortable while performing this procedure.
Besides these three key steps, remember this as well- when removing unwanted, unhealthy and overgrown branches, try not cutting into the wood of the main branch. Instead, cut flush against the main branch or stem.
One more thing-roots as well can be pruned! This is usually done once in three years and it helps you maintain some optimal size of the plant.
When you root prune it, use new soil, but the same or container of similar size. so that your plant would react negatively to a shocking change.
Making a bonsai tree
So, when trying to grow a nice-looking bonsai tree, the basic rule is to choose a planter (cachepot) which would limit the further growth of the roots and allow the upper part to develop and grow.
To establish a Jade bonsai, you need to have a healthy plant, in the first place, with a thick trunk and compact branches.
The chosen plater should be of adequate size for the finished bonsai Jade. My advice is to select a deeper one for an ideal balance.
Besides the tree and the adequate planter, you will need the following equipment:
- vinyl mesh
- soil mix for bonsai trees
- balanced granular food
- bonsai hook
- regular and concave pruners for bonsai
Here’s the procedure:
1) Cut small pieces of vinyl mesh. They should be a bit larger than the size of the drain hole so as not to allow the soil to wash out when you water the plant.
2) Then you need a 60-inch long wire with loops at ends. The space between the loops should correspond to the width of the ports for draining.
3) The wire should be placed on the outer bottom of the cachepot. Loops should be on the sides of the hole, while the ends should poke through to the inner side.
4) Mesh goes over the hole on the inner part of the container while the wires poke through the mesh, with folded wire ends, to ensure the stability.
5) An anchorage wire goes across the container’s bottom. Both ends are pushed through the ports. The role of the wire is to keep your tree secure in one place.
6) Take your plant out from the current pot, remove the dirt from the roots and untangle it.
7) Trim the roots to make sure they will fit the chosen cachepot. Also get rid of all dead and downward growing parts of the root, because those will only slow down the healthy establishment of your bonsai Jade.
8) Shape the upper part to look like a rounded canopy, prune the leggy branches and eliminate those which grow on the opposite side. This way you will create a fine alternating pattern for branches.
9) Put a smaller amount of soil in the cachepot and place the tree. Let the roots spread out. To position your tree, use anchor wire.
10) Fill the container with the rest of the mix. Leave about one inch between the soil and the top of the cachepot.
11) Put granular food according to instructions. Now place the moss and pebbles over the soil.
12) In the beginning, water it thoroughly. Do so until the water drains out the bottom. Make sure it is accommodated in a sunny place with afternoon shade.
This procedure is rather complex, but no one says you need to master it immediately. Growing bonsai trees requires deep knowledge and plenty of experience, so have patience.
Jade Plant Propagation
Propagation is also quite simple that even beginners can do it. That’s more or less the rule for all succulents, they are generally simple to divide (you can even establish new jade plant from cutting or grow jade plant from leaf) and you can make no mistakes.
So, what you need is a healthy Jade plant (suppose you’ve got that already), some basic tools, container, potting mix, and the party’s on!
Besides knowledge of how propagate jade plant, you need some adequate tools and those are pruning sheers or some sharper knife. Make sure they are clean because even the tiny bacteria on tools can damage your plant’s health.
Propagation can be done from two parts of the plant- either leaves or stem cutting. You normally do jade plant propagation from an older, well-established plant, not a young one.
Here are the steps to take and learn how to grow a jade plant from a broken stem or a leaf:
1) Pick a leaf or jade plant cutting
Take your plant and observe it to find the most suitable piece for the task.
Speaking of ideal length, it can be approximately 2-3 inches long, preferably with two pairs of leaves.
Once you cut (either of the two), put in someplace warm and allow a callous to form over the removed area.
This should prevent rotting and support rooting.
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2) Place it in the soil
Once the callous is formed, bring the container and potting mix.
I would recommend a well-draining one so that it can dry faster and maintain an optimal level of moisture for your plant to be established.
If you have chosen leaf, place it horizontally on the top of the soil and cover the cut end.
As for stem cutting, it doesn’t go horizontally but upright. In case it won’t stand itself, support it with some tiny rocks or toothpicks.
3) Find some ideal place
As I mentioned, Jades are fans of warm and bright places, so the best would be to place it on a window with plenty of light.
You should NEVER water your plant immediately after repotting it because it would rot instantly.
4) Wait for the plant to root
If the conditions are suitable, it should happen after a week or two, when the leaf or a stem establishes its root.
You can check it out to be completely sure that your money plant rooted itself about a week after that period, so it’s approximately 3 weeks total.
How do you check it?
By poking it or tugging very gently.
If roots haven’t appeared yet, repeat this every few days until you are sure that the plant is fully established.
5) Watering time
Once you are sure that the roots are firm, you can water it.
As it is the first watering for your new plant, which is still tiny, do so carefully and deeply.
The point is not to upset the roots during watering.
You may be wondering why I said to water it deeply.
Well, when your plant has just established its roots, it’s still relatively close to the surface, and deep watering will motivate the roots to develop downwards.
If only the surface is wet, you will do the opposite- the plant will run upwards searching for water, and everything will be ruined.
This is more or less the entire procedure, I told you there’s nothing complicated about it. So, many plants can be grown this way.
When you reach the final step, the rest to do is make sure your plant has enough intense sunlight until it becomes stronger and well-developed.
The plantlets (young plants) become officially adult when they are few inches tall, and then you can maintain them the same way you do with grown-up plants.
You already know the rules for watering and fertilizing, so don’t go all crazy with it- younger plants are much more sensitive than the well-established now.
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A quick tip to keep the cutting safe until you plant it
During the waiting period (between cutting the stem and planting it), you need to make sure the cutting remains healthy.
After all, it’s an open wound, so the plant is even more susceptible to diseases.
The trick is very simple, just take the rooting hormone and dust the wound.
It also has an anti-fungal compound, so the protection will be even better.
When do you usually propagate money plant?
This can be done, more or less, throughout the entire year, as long as your Jade had “spare” material so you can propagate from it.
But if you want to follow my advice, I’d say spring is ideal.
That way you will follow the plant’s natural life cycle and will get the best of it if you start a new one during the active phase.
Like I said several times, this one thrives on light, so catching the period with plenty of direct sunlight would be perfect timing.
Moreover, if you spot that your old Jade is coming to its end, to say so, make sure to establish a new plant on time.
As you can see learning how to grow jade plant from cutting or a leaf is easy-peasy, so give it a try as soon as you finish reading this text.
Repotting Jade Plant
When it comes to Jade plant repotting (or transplantation, as you prefer), Jade plants are not complicated at all.
As a matter of fact, they don’t need repotting at all to grow properly, they are quite fine with being root bound, but you should do it anyway for the sake of refreshing plant’s environment.
Since they don’t grow rapidly, you won’t have to do transplanting too often, about once in four to five years is okay.
When you choose a new container, pay attention not to buy an overly large one because it could slow down the development of your plant.
The size should be about the next one compared to the pot your plant is accommodated in now.
Ceramic or plastic container?
There are so many different opinions here, but I say what matters here the most is to select the one of adequate size.
Each of the materials has its pros and cons, so let’s say it’s a matter of personal preference.
It should be the one with a proper drainage hole, as well, because the excessively moist soil, where water keeps could damage your Jade.
I always chose ceramic ones simply because they look nicer, that’s all.
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1) Check whether the soil is dry before you transplant your Jade. If so, remove the container carefully.
2) Clean the roots from the old soil by knocking it away. Check it the roots are healthy (remove the dead or rotted ones if you spot them) and put some fungicide on the cuts.
3) Put your plant in the new container and fill it with soil. Let the rots spread as you add soil.
4) Start watering after a week, but do so lightly to avoid rotting.
Similar to propagation, you should repot it during the active phase, to catch up with its natural cycle. Don’t put fertilizer immediately after transplantation, give your plant some time to get used to a new container, soil and then feed it.
Jade Plant Problems and Solutions
Every house plant, no matter how simple or complicated to grow, has its problems and common issues.
That’s why thorough knowledge is essential to take good care for jade plant, as it will help you understand your plant fully, address the problem and provide adequate assistance.
Good thing is that this sort of plant is generally not prone to pests, and the solutions to deal with those that attack them are very simple.
Let’s check out the list of the most common issues for money plants and find out how to solve them!
Jade plant is losing its leaves
If you noticed that your Crassula ovata is dropping or losing leaves, it’s trying to tell you that it doesn’t get enough lighting.
Should you spot some leggy or underdeveloped leaves, then this is undoubtedly the problem that needs to be solved.
So, what you need to do is relocate it to someplace where the lighting is better. In case you don’t have such a location in your house, worry not, there’s another solution-artificial light!
If you want your plant to thrive and develop properly, meeting lighting requirements is of vital importance.
There’s another reason why your plant may be dropping leaves- the nitrogen level is too low.
You can compensate for that with an adequate high-nitrogen formula, such as 10-20-10. There are some formulas made for other plants but perfectly suitable for money plants.
Organic food can also boost the nitrogen level.
Jade plant older leaves dropping
Perhaps you noticed that the older leaves are dropping and if that’s the case, then the temperature is unsuitable.
This indicates that your plant is getting too much heat, so moving it to somewhere with milder or even lower temperature, where the moderate airflow is constant and that will save the day.
During the winter, your plant shouldn’t be near the heating source, because that will lead to the abovementioned situation.
Just make sure you don’t shock your plant by placing it someplace where the temperature differs significantly.
Leaves look too wrinkled/squishy
If your plant’s leaves are shriveled, that’s because you don’t water it enough.
On the other hand, if it is waterlogged, then you are watering it too much or too often.
As you could see, any deformation of the leaves, it’s shape and structure is the clear sign that your plant is having some issues with watering.
It’s either overly moist or not enough moist, so react on time and make some smart watering schedule.
Yellowing in mass
The leaves on your Crassula ovata are yellowing in mass and you wonder what’s going on?
You are watering it too much, that’s the problem.
This problem is also called wet feet, and Crassula doesn’t tolerate that condition.
If you continue overwatering it, it will cause your plant to rot, and you don’t want that to happen, do you?
As I mentioned, this plant is not an overly thirsty one, it doesn’t require frequent watering.
Reduce the watering levels, and follow the soil and its dryness level, that’s all.
Your plant is rotting
If you reduced the watering frequency and your money plant is still rotting, then it’s the sign that the roots are already too damaged from excessive watering.
In case there are still healthy and white parts of the root, you can try repotting it and see if it can continue to grow.
On the other hand, if the roots are too rotted, then consider propagation as an alternative option.
Look for some healthy and stronger leaf and try propagating the new plant.
No flowers on your money plant
Perhaps you hoped to have some colorful and charming heaven of Jade plant flowers, and you are wondering what’s going.
If that’s the case, it’s the sign that YOU are missing some serious knowledge about jade plants.
Jokes aside, but they rarely flower, it’s how they are.
When they do, it’s the sign of their age, and it happens around 5 or 8 years,
In addition to this, do know that this type of plant rarely blooms as well.
However, it’s not impossible to talk your plant into treating you with some dashing flower.
Here’s the trick:
Keep your plant rootbound and place it on some cooler (but not too cold place), and reduce the amount of water you add to it even more. This should be about it. Now, wait patiently and some adorable Jade plant flowers should appear.
Leaves have black mold coating
Should these nasty things appear, they are the sigh that your plant is in a too humid area.
Move it to the less humid place and make sure it gets more light.
Cleaning the mold is nothing complicated at all. All you need us soapy water and a clean towel, to wipe them away.
Be gentle with your Jade.
Grey or white covering over the soil
Mold again! But, in this case, there are two possible causes.
One of them, as in the previous situation is excessive watering, while the other is excessive fertilizing.
Those are usually the salty build-ups that signal that your plant is getting more food than it needs and cannot absorb it all, logically.
So, similar to watering, don’t do it too often, make a schedule and stick to it.
As for the covering, remove it from the surface and that’s it.
But, if too many of them accumulated, you will have to opt for more thorough cleaning- soaking your plant in warm water.
The plant looks overly large
Even though money plants do not grow too fast, it comes the moment when they appear to be too big for the container they are accommodated in.
That means repotting is needed, so get some bigger pot and make your plant feel more comfortable.
Do not buy too big pot, or the upper part will stagnate and roots will develop even more.
It should be the next size compared to the one your plant is already in.
Troubles with scale insects (mealybugs)
These annoying pests can significantly slow down the growth and cause deformation of the plant if not removed on time and thoroughly.
When some Jade plant white spots appear, that’s the sign some pests have attacked your plant.
You shouldn’t allow them to infest your plant, and this can be easily eliminated.
What you need are a cotton bud (or brush) and rubbing alcohol. Soak the cotton bud into the liquid and start removing the pests.
To make sure you killed them all, you should repeat this process several times.
That’s because there’s a possibility that, after mealybugs have been killed, some other insects infest the plant.
More troubles with pests
As I said, Jade is relatively safe and there aren’t many insects interested in attacking it. Spider mites are also ones of them as well as aphids, but they mostly attack stems.
Whichever is the case, rules are the same, you should observe your plant, and examine it thoroughly if you suspect that some pests have attacked it.
Rubbing alcohol is the only thing you need is some cases milder soapy water can solve the issues, but there’s no need for heavy chemicals.
They can only do more harm.
As you can see, even if your plant looks like there’s no hope to save it, like it’s dying, don’t give up.
There’s always hope.
Bonus tip- how to make your plant happier
Yes, plants have feelings, and yes, they react positively if you give them love, care, and attention.
Even if they don’t speak, they have the means to show you if they need you more.
I know this may sound silly, and the first time you try it- you may feel silly, but talk to your plant, read books to it, play some calming music.
ONce you get used to it, this special ritual will make both you and your plant more relaxed and will have a positive impact on yours and your plant’s health.
Think of it as a mutually beneficial friendship. It’s like you always have someone to turn to, someone to share your thoughts and impressions with, and the best of all- it’s the best listener in the world.
And, in the end, let us go through some most common doubts and make sure we covered all the fields together.
Here they are:
1. Do money plants like to be misted?
Since they love dry feet, but high humidity, misting them is a good solution when the weather is overly hot.
This will also prevent the leaves to become wrinkled.
2. Is this plant poisonous?
Humans are mostly safe (I mean, it’s not like you are going to eat it, right?), but those who have more sensitive skin may have problems with dermatitis.
However, it’s problematic for cats, dogs, and horses, so pay attention if you have them as pets.
3. What are the Jade plant benefits?
Although you won’t see it used commonly in an alternate, herbal nor traditional medicine, this plant is a well-known folk remedy for warts.
Cut open the leaf and bound over the moist flesh over warts. Repeat this over several days, and after prolonged exposure, warts should fall off.
It’s also good for treating nausea and can be helpful to treat diarrhea, epilepsy, and corns, as far as Africans claim.
Chinese discovered that some types with pointy leaves are good for treating symptoms of diabetes.
However, these are all marginal uses, as the main reason for growing money plant is its beauty.
4. Should I fertilize the plant immediately after repotting?
Absolutely no! You should give it some time to get used to a new container and the soil, so you can freely wait four months after repotting to feed it.
5. Does it attract wealth and prosperity?
If you believe in Feng Shui, the answer is positive! It’s full of nourishing chi, which contributes to positive energy and one’s overall well-being and health.
If you are curious to see whether it works, place it in front of the office, in the southeast location, and it should attract harmony and monetary luck.
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6. How many of them per home?
There are no specific rules regarding the number of jade plants per home.
Four, five, six, everything is okay, but you need to make sure they are accommodated on fine locations with a good source of light.
The bathroom and bedroom are no places for the money plant.
7. Can you put Jade plant and other plants in the same room?
Of course! You can combine it with cacti, other succulents, flowers, there are no limitations.
On the other hand, it’s not advisable putting them in the same container with other plants, because not all the plants have the same requirements.
8. How to get rid of fertilizer build-ups in the soil?
There are several simple methods to remove and clean build-up and provide your plant with a healthy environment to live in.
The first solution- put the container in the kitchen sink and let the warm water run, and then soak it thoroughly and let it drain for some time (several hours). Wait until at least two-thirds of the soil is dry and then resume the normal schedule for fertilizing and watering. This process can be done once a year, or even twice if the problem repeats.
The second solution- You can also thoroughly drench your Jade, and as the water runs off, it will carry the build-ups along. If you opt for this, it’s preferable to have a fast-draining potting mix.
9. Can I use fertilizers for other plants on money plants?
Yes, but not all of them are suitable. For example, the one for African violets won’t harm Jade, and the fish emulsion is a good choice, particularly if your plant needs more nitrogen.
If you ask me, I would always opt for those DIY fertilizers, because they are not only cost-friendlier but much healthier for your plant.
10. What are leggy money plants and how to fix them?
When your plant starts stretching out between its leaves, that condition is known as leggy Jade.
This is called etiolation, and your plant does so to reach towards the sun.
So, to put it simply, it won’t become leggy if it gets enough sunlight during the day.
To cure this condition, make sure your Crassula ovata gets enough sunlight.
That way it won’t elongate the stems and lose its bushy shape.
The plant must perform photosynthesis, after all, so it’s much more than a matter of aesthetics.
Growing plants requires love, care, attention, and passion, but it’s a highly rewarding activity, so if you have been with me through this guide, I positive that you are an avid gardener yourself.
Good luck and see you in the next guide!
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